Industrialisation triggers ground water contamination in Guntur: Study

The water is acidic or alkaline, highly turbid and hard.
Acharya Nagarjuna University, located between Vijayawada and Guntur, falls in the high growth corridor after the state capital was shifted from Hyderabad to Vijayawada-Guntur region.
“The physico-chemical analysis of groundwater quality in industrial areas of Guntur city reveals that groundwater is largely affected by various types of contaminants from industries.
Total dissolved solids, total hardness, total alkalinity and chlorides are very high in groundwater in peripheral regions around industrial locations in Guntur,” warns a research study by the department of environmental sciences, Acharya Nagarjuna University.
Samples were taken from three places for analysis – Autonagar, the Masjid Omar site near Autonagar and Acharya Nagarjuna University campus – to check if groundwater in industrial areas was fit for human use.
“The results revealed that the water quality failed to meet drinking water standards.
Expressing concern over high alkalinity or acidity of groundwater, the researchers said though this does not directly affect human health, it indicates “an alarming increase in ions in the groundwater through industrial leachate contamination.” The researchers called for an evaluation of the environmental impact of human activities and formulation of strategies for groundwater conservation on a high priority basis.
The water samples had a low pH value indicating acidity during the summer season.
“This indicates a future threat that might lead to the dissolution of more heavy metals, thus rendering the water unsuitable for potability,” the study said, while suggesting continuous monitoring.
The results indicated that chlorides ranged between 72 mg per litre at Acharya Nagarjuna University during summer and 6,000 mg per litre at Autonagar during monsoon.

Thai Local Communities Want Their Say in Fighting Pollution

Investments in major chemical and manufacturing industries have been marked by industrial estates, especially in the Eastern Seaboard some 150 kilometers from Bangkok.
“The production and use of hazardous substances in the country has caused pollution as hazardous substances were released into the environment and may cause contamination or remain in the environment,” the PCD said.
Heavy metal pollution Marek Sir, a chemistry researcher from the University of Chemistry and Technology in the Czech Republic, said the studies indicated concerns over heavy metal pollution in areas near industrial plants.
“That’s a problem — still there are toxic fumes released into the environment and the easiest way to spread the pollution of heavy metals, which are absorbed on solid particles and they can diffuse into the air and can be transported.
The EARTH/ARNIKA report accused factory owners responsible for pollution of “uncaring management,” with the result of water pollution, toxic air pollution and hazardous industrial waste — especially those mismanaged and illegally dumped.
Cost of rehabilitation EARTH director Penchom said access to funding for land rehabilitation remains a major stopping block.
It’s very difficult to enforce the law for the polluters to pay,” she said.
Tara said policy often compromises the environment to the benefit to industry and development.
When we can see that the result from the toxic contamination in different regions in Thailand — also affects the community,” Tara told VOA.
The Pollution Control Department set out a strategic plan covering 2012-2021 calling for “rules and regulation amendments to facilitate effective waste management as well as strict enforcement of the laws.

Water conservation – Facts you need to know, and how MRPL is doing its bit

Media Release Mangaluru, May 10: Water scarcity is either the lack of enough water or lack of access to safe drinking water. It currently affects around 2.8 billion people around the world, on all continents, at least one month out of every year and more than 1.2 billion people lack the access to clean drinking water. Water shortages may be caused by climate change, such as altered weather-patterns (including droughts or floods), increased pollution, and increased human demand and overuse of water. The term water crisis labels a situation where the available potable, unpolluted water within a region is less than that region’s demand. Water shortages and unreliable water quality are considered major obstacles to achieve sustainable development and improvement in the quality of life. The water demand in the country is increasing fast due to progressive increase in the demand of water for irrigation, rapid industrialization, population growth and improving life standards. The existing water resources are diminishing (i) due to unequal distribution of rain water and occasional drought (ii) excessive exploitation of ground water sources and its insufficient recharge (iii) deterioration of water quality due to the discharge of domestic and industrial effluents without adequate treatment. This is resulting in water stress/scarcity. Issue of Water Scarcity In India As a country that receives sufficient rain, water scarcity in India is mainly attributed to human factors such as: * India’s population has steadily risen since independence. Absence of comprehensive family planning, and lack of education, spurred this. This in turn has increased the demand for water. But, no government has so far been able to equate the difference of water distribution – more than 50% of the country’s population lack access to safe drinking water. * Corruption and lack of planning and coordination are also blamed as factors of water scarcity in India. Many projects to supply safe drinking water are often stuck in red tape. * More than 80% of water needs of the country is met by exploiting the ground water resources of India. This has aggravated the depletion of water table, and led to an unprecedented water shortage. Per Capita Water Availability In India The per capita availability of water in the country is 1545 cubic meters as per the 2011 CENSUS. The average annual per capita availability of water in the country, taking into consideration the population of the country as per the 2001 census, was 1816 cubic meters which reduced to 1545 cubic meters as per the 2011 census, denoting that the per capita water availability in the country is reducing progressively due to increase in population. The daily drinking water requirement per person is 2-4 liters, but it takes 2000 to 5000 litres of water to produce one person’s daily food. Also there are reports that…

Of industrial society

Of industrial society.
This book throws light on the suffering of human environment due to industrialisation Open Warangal Urban: Chancellor of University of Hyderabad Dr C Rangarajan released the book titled, Industrialization and Environment in Tribal World on Thursday at Indian Business School, Hyderabad.
The book was authored by Prof B Suresh Lal, Head Department of Economics Kakatiya University, Warangal.
Speaking on the occasion, Dr Rangarajan said that the book is focussing how human milieu has suffered a lot since the emergence of industrial society.
Transboundary air pollution, greenhouse gases emission, global warming, climatic disasters, water shortages, drinking water contamination, freshwater and marine pollution, deforestation, and other environmental problems are becoming serious threats to the well-being of mankind in this age.
“Excessive use of technology is also affecting physical and mental health,” he added.
Suresh Lal said that haphazard industrial development in tribal areas with no proper planning, no planning of treatment of effluents and no proper control of air and water pollution levels, destroys the economy of the tribal and local people, leading to many sufferings by the people in the government declared backward areas.

Top Chef star uses political clout to change food industry

Top Chef star uses political clout to change food industry.
This is what woke me up.” In 2012, Colicchio co-founded the Food Policy Action (FPA), a nonprofit organization with the goal of improving food access.
“Coming together, finding a common cause, pooling resources and aligning their vision to support each other is why we started Food Policy Action.” This united front has given unprecedented political clout to what Colicchio broadly refers to as “the food movement,” which until the last few years, he says, was “a loosely organized social movement, not a real political movement.” Now consumers have a means to put their food choices — and their vote — where their values are.
Another initiative was the “Plate of the Union” campaign.
After a short hiatus, the FPA-EF and the Environmental Working Group (EWG) revived the Plate of the Union initiative to continue to fight for food reform.
“Everyone eats, and everyone should have a say in what they eat and where it comes from,” says Colicchio, who often took part in the truck initiative.
Said another way: Waste less.
This is absurd on a purely economic basis: Americans waste the equivalent of $165 billion each year in food, according to the NRDC.
We have to become more aware.” Which is why environmental groups, anti-hunger groups and food system reformers such as FPA have issued a call to fight food waste on all fronts.
Imperfect Produce, a produce delivery company based in Emeryville, Calif., collects “ugly” fruits and vegetables — food that does not meet retailers’ cosmetic standards — from farms and sells it at a 30 percent to 50 percent discount.