TBI Blogs: Did You Know India’s First PIL Was Filed 40+ Years Ago? Here Are the 5 Most Iconic PILs Since Then
PILs have achieved a place of great importance in our legal system.
Soon thereafter, with the efforts of Justice Bhagwati, the concept of the PIL evolved and developed to a great extent.
Spread the wordTweet this Bhanwari Devi faced numerous obstacles when she attempted to seek justice.
The case has thus been described as “path-breaking”, “one of the most powerful legacies” of PIL, and a “trendsetter” that “created a revolution”.
Javed v. State of Haryana The Javed litigants challenged the constitutionality of a coercive population control provision, which governed the election of the panchayat.
The Haryana Provision disqualified “a person having more than two living children” from holding specified offices in panchayats.
Hussainara Khatoon v. State of Bihar Many have regarded this case as the first PIL in India as well.
The court passed three landmark judgments and a number of Orders against polluting industries, numbering more than 50,000 in the Ganga basin, from time to time.
In this case, apart from industries, more than 250 towns and cities also had to set up sewage treatment plants.
Every doctor, at a government hospital or otherwise, has the professional obligation to extend his/her services to protect life.
Six important environmental cases
A round-up of the key verdicts shaping China’s Environmental Protection Law Since China introduced its Environmental Protection Law in January 2015, environmental NGOs have spent almost two years testing it through a succession of public interest environmental lawsuits.
So far, the courts have accepted 189 public interest environmental cases, of which 60% were brought by environmental NGOs.
Verdict – The court found in favour of Taizhou Environmental Federation, the social organisation which brought the case, ordering six companies to pay a total of 160 million yuan (US$23 million) in compensation, as well as 100,000 yuan (US$14,500) in assessment costs.
Unfortunately, this didn’t stop eight chemical firms from using the desert as a dump for polluted waste water.
The court refused to hear the case on the grounds that the NGO was not “active in environmental public interest activities”, which they successfully appealed in the Supreme People’s Court.
Verdict –In its judgement the Supreme People’s Court said “active in environmental public interest activities” was not just limited to direct involvement in improving the environment but included other activities that benefit environmental governance such as public education, legal aid and bringing public interest lawsuits.
To force the company to stop, the All-China Environmental Federation, an NGO under the Ministry of Environmental Protection, sued the company.
Groundwater without borders: Three Gorges water pollution case When a firm in Hubei started illegal mining operations, waste water and tailings soon began flowing directly into the Qianzhangyan Reservoir, an important source of drinking water for two provinces.
The All-China Environmental Federation requested a court order to stop the illegal farming.
This caused pollution and forced the neighbouring administration to take the township to court Verdict – The plaintiff won.